On August 6, 2009, Senator Blanche L. Lincoln (D-AR) introduced S. 1612, the ESOP Promotion and Improvement Act of 2009.
This legislation seeks to accomplish the following:
1. Repeal the punitive 10% penalty tax on S corporation distributions from current earnings (dividends) placed on distributions from current earnings that are passed through to ESOP participants in cash.
2. Clarify that dividends paid by C corporations on ESOP stock are not a preference item in calculating the corporate alternative minimum tax.
3. Improve the 1042 ESOP tax deferred rollover provisions by (a) permitting sellers to the ESOP of an S corporation to utilize the ESOP tax benefit referred to as the tax deferred rollover, or the so-called 1042 treatment; (b) permitting proceeds received from a 1042 transaction to be reinvested in mutual funds consisting of operating U.S. corporation securities; and (c) redefining what is a 25% owner, for purposes of IRC 1042, as a 25% owner or more of voting stock, or 25% owner or more of all stock of the corporation, instead of current law definition that owning of 25% of any class of stock is a 25% owner for purposes of IRC 1042.
4. Eliminate a bias against majority owned ESOP companies by making clear that a non-ESOP small businesses currently eligible for any Small Business Administration program is still eligible for the SBA program if becoming a majority owned ESOP company with the same characteristics it had before becoming a majority owned ESOP company. (A majority owned ESOP company is 50% plus owned by the ESOP on behalf of the employees.)